At What Age Is Craniosynostosis Diagnosed?

How do you test for craniosynostosis?

To diagnose craniosynostosis, a pediatrician will normally look at and measure the baby’s head and feel for ridges in the sutures around the skull.

Additional tests can confirm the diagnosis in more detail.

Imaging tests, such as CT scans and X-rays, can show which sutures have fused..

Is craniosynostosis a disability?

Some children, however, have developmental delays or intellectual disabilities, because either the craniosynostosis has kept the baby’s brain from growing and working normally, or because the baby has a genetic syndrome that caused both craniosynostosis and problems with how the brain works.

What kind of doctor treats craniosynostosis?

Craniosynostosis requires evaluation by specialists, such as a pediatric neurosurgeon or a specialist in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Diagnosis of craniosynostosis may include: Physical exam. Your doctor will feel your baby’s head for abnormalities such as suture ridges, and look for facial deformities.

Can craniosynostosis cause speech delay?

The two problems that can be associated with sagittal craniosynostosis are speech and language delay and raised intracranial pressure. Some children with sagittal craniosynostosis tend to start to speak later than other children but with help from a speech and language therapist they usually catch up.

Can craniosynostosis cause developmental delays?

In 2015, Dr. Matthew Speltz’s team published results indicating that school-age children with the most common form of craniosynostosis are more likely to suffer developmental delays and learning problems than children who don’t have the disorder.

How early can craniosynostosis be diagnosed?

Diagnosing Craniosynostosis More often, doctors identify craniosynostosis in the first weeks of life. The doctor will feel your child’s head during a physical exam. The shape of their head will help the doctor tell which sutures have grown together. The doctor also will measure your baby’s head.

Does mild craniosynostosis need surgery?

A small number of babies with mild craniosynostosis won’t need surgical treatment. Rather, they can wear a special helmet to fix the shape of their skull as their brain grows. Most babies with this condition will need surgery to correct the shape of their head and relieve pressure on their brain.

How long is recovery after craniosynostosis surgery?

Following open cranial vault remodeling, the segments of the skull are held together with plates and screws that will dissolve after 8-12 months. The bones will be healed 6 weeks after surgery but trauma to the head should be avoided.

Is craniosynostosis surgery safe?

The surgery is very safe and produces excellent results. There are several surgical options for treating craniosynostosis, depending on which type it is. It’s usually best to perform surgery at just a few weeks to a few months of age, since the skull bones are the softest and most malleable then.

Does craniosynostosis run in families?

Craniosynostosis occurs in one out of 2,000 live births and affects males slightly more often than females. Craniosynostosis is most often sporadic (occurs by chance). In some families, craniosynostosis is inherited in one of two ways: Autosomal recessive.

How do I know if my baby has craniosynostosis?

Craniosynostosis SymptomsA full or bulging fontanelle (soft spot located on the top of the head)Sleepiness (or less alert than usual)Very noticeable scalp veins.Increased irritability.High-pitched cry.Poor feeding.Projectile vomiting.Increasing head circumference.More items…

What happens if craniosynostosis is left untreated?

If left untreated, craniosynostosis can lead to serious complications, including: Head deformity, possibly severe and permanent. Increased pressure on the brain. Seizures.